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Prosthesis:Low cost artificial leg

Prosthetic limb is an artificial device extension that replaces a missing body part. It is part of the field of bio mechatronics, the science of using mechanical devices with human muscle, skeleton, and nervous systems to assist or enhance motor control lost by trauma, disease, or defect.

In this world there are many people who have some kind of disability.Engineers are working day and night to   make artificial limbs which works like a normal leg and controlled by human brain. Even though they are successful in building these limbs,but in developing world there are plenty who can't afford there ultramodern limbs because of its high cost.

Bicycle powered Cell phone charger

 Mobile Phone has become very effective tool in modern world mode of communication. Even in Developing countries like Kenya (as shown in video below) it is easily accessible (thanks to china's cheap manufacturing) and airtel (cheap phone calls) mobile is within the reach of poor, but problem is how to charge a phone without a supply of electricity. In Kenya and other developing countries in Africa, charging a phone is big challenge because electricity is still a distant future for them.

Man Powered Helicopter

A human-powered helicopter is a helicopter designed to carry at least one person but limited to using only what power is provided by the person(s) on board, usually by pedalling. A high power-to-weight ratio is needed as in all helicopters. Such aircraft must be light and must have efficient rotary wings. Efficiency for human powered purposes means that the rotors must generate great lift but cause little drag, because drag consumes power.

Useful Links :
Yuri 1st
Human Powered Helicopters Organization 
 CNET Human powered Helicopter gets off the ground
Related PDF :

Developments in Human Powered Helicopter

Related Video :

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Mechanical engineering Projects
Physics Projects
Robotics Project
Electronics Projects
Electrical projects

Balloon Popping Machines

This project is for 6th grade kids but parental guidance is very important. You have already seen this project in many movies and I am sure you got amazed while watching it.

Build your own Wind Turbine

 A wind turbine is a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into mechanical energy.This turbine can be used for many purposes such as producing electricity,grinding grain or pumping water.

In this project we are talking about how we can use it to produce electricity.

Instruction guide PDF :
Build your own wind turbine 

Pedal Powered Washing Machine

A washing machine is a machine designed to wash laundry, such as clothing, towels and sheets.Generally these machines has been powered by electrical energy but pedal powered machine runs with our energy.

Pedal powered washing machines can be very useful for rural places in developing countries where electricity is out of reach. Moreover , in developed countries too ,it can be used to save electricity and getting some work out.

Talking Robots with Lego Mindstorms

From the days of "Small Wonder" TV show , I always wanted to have one robot which can talk and response just like human.To build one as Robotic Project is really interesting. This project is going to be very interesting and challenging because our robot requires not only speak capability but should have artificial intelligence to learn from its surroundings.

Architecture for talking robots consists of four main modules:
  • Dialogue system
  • Speech client with speech recognition and synthesis capabilities
  • Module for infrared communication between the PC and the RCX and
  • the program that runs on the RCX itself.
Useful PDF:

Talking Robots With LEGO MindStorms

Related Video :

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Mechanical engineering Projects
Physics Projects
Robotics Project
Electronics Projects
Electrical projects

Ball Sorting Mindstorms Lego Project

Ball sorting project is interesting one because it helps you to understand various important concepts of Robotics such as finding distance of objects , recognizing them , pick and drop them and things like that.

Useful Links :

Sort the Ball
NXT Sensors

Hardware Requirement :

Lego Mindstorms NXT 2.0 which includes :
  • Ultrasonic sensor 
  • Touch sensors: Lets the robot react to touch
  • Servo motors: Allows the robot to interact with the environment
    NXT Brick: The programmable core that reads the sensors and controls the motors and things many more. You can buy it from any online store including amazon.com

Software Requirement :

NXT-G :  is a graphical programming environment that comes bundled with the NXT. With careful construction of MyBlocks to encapsulate complexity, NXT-G can be used for real-world programming.

Complete Instruction and Details at Robin Newman's Page

Related Video :

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Robotics Project
Electronics Projects
Electrical projects

Business projects

 Thinking of starting a new venture and don't know how? This same problem has been faced by many of us. Starting a business looks difficult initially but it is not a rocket science. Fundamentals of business has not changed from centuries. Even though , we are living in a technology world and sometime feels that we need to think out of the box for running successful business , but in real life, we do not. In this post we will discuss about some really good ideas.Remember , starting a business is not a big deal but running it successfully requires dedication and determination.

There are lot of businesses you can do but I will suggest ideas which can be implemented with minimum or no costing at all.Look around and pick something you are passionate about :

Part Time Work having Potential to become full time :

1.Start a blog: This doesn't look like a business , but it is really good option with no investment.Wanna write one , start with blogger.com

2.Write a book: Yes, you don't need to be perfect for writing a book. Just start doing it write one page a day.Its really fun and you will able to complete  at least 200 pages at the end of a year.

3.Education Consultant: Do research about education environment, colleges , admission procedure and stuff like that and provide paid consultancy for that.

4.Property Dealer : Help sellers and buyers to get right kind of property and get hefty commission for that.

Businesses with Investment  :

Event Management Company : You can start your own event management company , which organize events such as marriages in your city.Hire some quality people from this field, they bring experience as well as contacts for you.

Distribution ship :  Get distribution ship of any reputed company with minimum presence in your city. If its possible find some new companies in the market whom you believe to get bigger by time. Advantage of associating with new company is that you will get good share in profit with minimum competition including help from the companies administration.

Auction Website like Ebay :  You can start your own auction site like ebay.With the open source community around it doesn't cost much,just download auction site code from sites like sourceforge.
Restaurant :  If you love cooking and have something special in that, you can start your own restaurant.For a start, you can serve only selected dishes and as word of mouth spread you can add more food items later.

Fruit and Vegetable : This business requires big chunk of land and time. Grow fruits or vegetable with working partnership with experienced local farmer. Use best technology available to make this business profitable such as Sprinklers, Drip Irrigation or Bird Scarer.

Business of Finance: This requires lot of money but you can arrange it with profit sharing basis with money lender. To run this business successfully you can ask your customer for some security like gold.

Packers and Movers: People often face difficulty to shift there offices or homes from one place to another.You can become there helping hand.

Importer : If you have good market sense , you can import cheap foreign goods from developing country like China and sell it to the shopkeepers.

Useful Links:
Small Business America
Department of Business and Innovation Skills
Business Knowledge Resource Online

Tricycle powered by pedals and electricity

An electric tricycle is a bicycle having three wheels with an electric motor used to power the vehicle.Tricycle which is powered by electricity would be very helpful for people who use cycles in there daily life. It would not only increase speed of the cycle but also helps them in paddling.

PLC automatic Bottle Filling Machine

Importance of Bottle filling is realized by us when we see how many bottle we use in our daily life. Bottles are everywhere from cold drink to beer ,toilet cleaner to medicine etc etc.These bottle is filled with the help of filling machine without which it would have very difficult task. This project is about these machines.

Can Crusher Experiment

Can crushing is very important to reuse aluminum in these cans. Moreover this contribute to significantly lower the waste management problem. These can crusher can be made to work mechanically so that no electricity is needed to crush them.

Pedal operated power generating system

 Pedal powered system can be used to recharge your cell phones, laptops or to power your camping outside. This is just a start but in future if it gets implemented in local exercise parlor and in every bicycle in a optimized way , it can produce electricity on large scale. Moreover , this method used successfully in recent wall street demonstration.

Things to know : 

Alternator : An alternator is an electromechanical device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current.

Alternators generate electricity using the same principle as DC generators, namely, when the magnetic field around a conductor changes, a current is induced in the conductor. Typically, a rotating magnet, called the rotor turns within a stationary set of conductors wound in coils on an iron core, called the stator. The field cuts across the conductors, generating an induced EMF (electromotive force), as the mechanical input causes the rotor to turn.

Inverter : An inverter is an electrical device that converts direct current (DC) to alternating current.

Related Video :

With the help of an alternator, mountain bike and an inverter, we can run a human-powered 220 Watt food processor as shown below :


Real Time Sorting Machine

It is Candy sorting machine built in LEGO. It is using Java Optimized Processor which is mounted on LRBJOP board.It is using tilt-tray sorter method.

Why Real Time Sorting used?
A tilt-tray sorter is a high-speed, continuous-loop sortation conveyor that uses a technique of tilting a tray at a chute to slide the object into the chute. It is used to expedite the process of Order fulfillment to consolidate line items of an order, and to process returned products for immediate updating of inventory in real time.

Helpful Resources : 

Java Optimized Processor :  
The unit controlling the LEGO motors and sensors is Java Optimized Processor (JOP). JOP is a Java processor, an implementation of Java Virtual Machine (JVM) in hardware.JOP executes Java Byte-code with precise timing constraints for each instruction, enabling execution time and scheduling verification.
Click here for JOP Design website

Uppaal :
Implementation has been modeled and verified using Uppaal. Uppaal is an integrated tool environment for modeling, validation and verification of real-time systems modeled as networks of timed automata, extended with data types (bounded integers, arrays etc.)

Lego PCB : 
LEGO PCB is a robotics invention system of the LEGO Group. It was intended for children, but it turned out to be a great toy for adults, too. It combines electric components like sensors and actuators with Lego bricks and Lego Technical parts, such as gears, wheels and axles, to build robots and other automated or interactive systems.

Made by: Petur Olsen, Thomas Bøgholm, and Henrik Kragh-Hansen

Related Video :


Escalator Compatible Wheel Chair

People who use Wheel Chairs , always face difficulty using escalators. Students at Illinois Institute of technology find solution of this problem by designing this chair in different way. Wheel Chair developed by them can be used at escalators.

Mini Scooter

Mini Scooter is good and practical project for mechanical students. Moreover, it can be build using the materials which are available easily.

By building scooter , you will understand the how it works and also what are the difficulties engineers face while building two wheeler. I would suggest you to go one step further by building it green. Green means scooter which runs on compress air or solar or any form of energy which is less polluting then existing one.

While building this project , I would suggest you to focus only on its functioning and less on looks or its design malfunctions. Because designing is altogether different field , it needs different approach and time which we can do later after building our mini scooter.

Things to consider:

Estimate cost and a profit feasibility
It should be light Weight
Safe to ride

Components Required:

1. Power
2. Engine
3. Chassis and
4. Controller

This project is based on very simple concepts of mechanics, and it is easier to understand if we start from tail. For example, to rotate a wheel, we need engine, in this case Two Brush-less DC Motors . These motors need to be controlled by controller, in our case, it is two power MOSFETs Rectifier (IRFB3207 and IRFB3077). Moroever, to power these motors, we will need some form of energy and here we use electric power stored in batteries. You can use as many batteries as you want. For more info, you can visit the link given below.

Related link :

BWD Scooter 

I don't know whether the video given below is homemade or not but I found it interesting to post here:

Related Posts :
Automobile Projects

Optimization of Wind Turbine Blades

Wind turbine design is the process of defining the form and specifications of a wind turbine to extract energy from the wind.A wind turbine installation consists of the necessary systems needed to capture the wind's energy, point the turbine into the wind, convert mechanical rotation into electrical power, and other systems to start, stop, and control the turbine.Windmill Kites is one of the best example about what design improvement can do.

Manufacturing Projects

Manufacturing is a process to develop products for self use or sell. This process is largely associated with the industries which we called manufacturing industries.

There are many projects which you can do as a student of this field to improve efficiency , lowering raw material wastages and making things green.

I am discussing some of these ideas below :

1.Thermodynamic Analysis of Manufacturing Processes Engineering

2.Applications for the Plastics Industry

Plastic industry manufactures and sell polymers in various shapes and sizes. They are used in construction of bridges, buildings and roads.
Many house hold goods are also made up of plastic.

3.Green and Efficient Materials :

Green Manufacturing

4.Use of Waste Resources

5.Reducing waiting time for individual product.

6.Lead time reduction and capacity increase strategy in coil manufacturing for electric motors

Useful Links:

Planning Process in Manufacturing Systems

Biomechanics Projects

Biomechanics is the study of the structure and function of biological systems by means of the methods of mechanics.It is very important branch of science and also very helpful to the athletes who participate in Olympics.

Bio Mechanical Project Ideas:

The best ideas about this topic I have found so far are available at University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Engineering click here.

Professor Jonathan Butcher and Jack Thompson Projects

Effects Of Shear Stress And Tensile Strain On Cell Mono-layers

Effect of obesity on Walk of humans : you can study the effect of obesity on human body. When weight of the body increases, it can cause change to our walking habit. You can study about this topic.

Design human body parts : In a year millions of people around the world lose there one or more part of their body due to accident or natural disasters. We can help those individual by developing these for them.

Design robots bio mechanically : If you have ever build robot, you know that designing them is very difficult task , you can take help of human or animal body dynamics in their design.

Instrumentation design projects

Related :
Mechanical Projects

Microbial fuel cell

A microbial fuel cell (MFC) or biological fuel cell is a bio-electrochemical system that drives a current by mimicking bacterial interactions found in nature.A microbial fuel cell is a device that converts chemical energy to electrical energy by the catalytic reaction of microorganisms.

Bending Light

Objective : Study about light and what happens when it gets bend.

Refraction is the change in direction of a wave due to a change in its speed. This is most commonly observed when a wave passes from one medium to another at any angle other than 90° or 0°.

School Projects

Ultraviolet Rays :
Ultraviolet (UV) light is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter than that of visible light, but longer than X-rays, in the range 10 nm to 400 nm, and energies from 3 eV to 124 eV. It is named because the spectrum consists of electromagnetic waves with frequencies higher than those that humans identify as the color violet.

Internal Combustion engine Project

IC Engine which is also known as Internal Combustion engine are engines where combustion takes place inside the engine.It is different from external combustion engines such as Stirling engine and Steam Engines where combustion takes place outside the chamber of engine.
Projects :

Stress Analysis and Optimization of Crankshafts :    The main objective of this study was to investigate weight and cost reduction opportunities for a forged steel crankshaft. The need of load history in the FEM analysis necessitates performing a detailed dynamic load analysis. Therefore, this study consists of three major sections: (1) dynamic load analysis, (2) FEM and stress analysis, (3) optimization for weight and cost reduction.

Computer Simulated Engine Performance

Useful Links :

Animation of 4 Stroke ICE
Hydrogen internal combustion engine
IC Engines simulator 
detonation frequency analysis
Engine Modeling of an Internal Combustion Engine
Air Compress Car
Air Bike

Related PDF :

Rotatory Internal combustion Engines ::One of the smallest combustion engine used to power batteries.
Design and Experimental Results of Small-Scale Rotary Engines

Related Video :

Related Projects :
Stirling Engine

Income Tax Calcuator

How this tool would be helpful?

Income tax calculator is very useful tool for every day users. Every one of us need to calculate our payable tax each year. This task become much more complicated when we have different sources of income and each has different rule from income tax department.

For Whom : This project idea is for Computer Science(CS) and Information Technology (IT)Students.

Level : Easy

How to build it ?

As always to build any software project , we will follow water fall model as you have studied in Software engineering class :

Requirement Analysis :

This is one of the most step for any computer science project. In this step we find out complete requirement for this project including customer's requirement and software requirements. Very important questions such as Why we need this particular project? Who are end users? Things like that should be answered in this step.


We will database to store user information, tax rules information and stuff like that. For this project we will use Mysql as our database engine.

Which type of Application it is going to be?
We are going to make it a web application because this application needs regular updates about the IT rules and if we made desktop application , it would be extremely difficult for us to update the database of each and every customer.

With the help of web application users from different countries can use it without worrying about updating it manually because administrators of this application would keep on updating and adding new rules whenever applicable.

Programming Language:

After knowing that it is going to be web application it is easier to decide that it is going to be php application. There are two reasons behind my selection :
First, PHP is very popular language and free books and tutorials are easily available online.
Second its free, PHP is open source language so that its totally free to use and it gets updated time to time with better functionality.

I have discussed some points for our planning phase but you can add many more details in requirement analysis , because bigger it is , better your software will be.

Design :

There is going to be two sections for our income tax calculator :

Administration Section : Owner of the application can edit the income tax rules and modify the data such as rates which is necessary.

User Section : Where user can select his or her country or state, so correct tax rules can be applied for his tax form. After that there would be income form to be filled ,which eventually gives user total amount of tax to be paid.

You will need pencil and blank papers for this section , draw design of all the pages which are required , draw form , its label , specify where you need text field, radio button or combo box.

Implementation :

Download Wamp server and start working with the help of simple notepad. To code you should have good knowledge of php , read some free tutorials on internet if you don't have that.

Verification :

Software testing can be stated as the process of validating and verifying that a software program/application/product:
  1. meets the requirements that guided its design and development;
  2. works as expected; and
  3. can be implemented with the same characteristics.
There are three types of testing whose explanation is out of the scope of this post but you can read more about them by clicking on links below :

1.White Box Testing
2.Black Box Testing
3.Grey Box Testing.

Maintenance :

Software's are never complete there is always scope for improvement. So, our income tax calculator too needs continuous upgrade for new features and technology.

For your help you can download source code and application itself from the links below :

Income Tax Calculator :

OpenTaxSolver : Open Source Income tax calculator written in C

TaxMagic :A simple open source/free software tax calculator written in .NET

Tax Estimator :U.S. Federal personal income tax estimates using the RushTaxOS taxEngine.

Related Projects : 

Computer Engineering Project ideas
Java Project Ideas
How to answers Projects

automatic parallel parking cars

What is Automatic Car Parking ?

Automatic parking is an autonomous car maneuvering from a traffic lane into a parking place to perform parallel parking, perpendicular or angle parking.

What's the importance of this topic? 

Parking is one of the challenging thing for humans in Car Driving. Even though , lot of solutions available for smooth and safe driving such as car collision avoidance system, but very less focus is given to the the automatic parking system till recently. Although,many cars are now available with this feature such as Toyota Prius , still there is a long way to go.

For Whom :
Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science , almost all branches.

Level : Difficult
It is not an uncomplicated task to build up automatic parking expertise for a car. First of all, the car must be able to sense the surroundings, to find a free parking space and to detect obstacles in the car park.
Secondly, it should have the capability to plan the movement itself from the input of sensitivity system.
Lastly, it should be able to go after the premeditated motion sequences and to make sure that a goal position is reached, regardless of noise and errors.

Useful Links

How Self Parking Works ?
Camera based intelligent parking system

Related Video : 

Source Code :

Java  : Vehicle Parking

Pedal powered Grinding Mill

Grain grinder needs no introduction, it has a significant contribution in our life whether we have it at our home or not but we all are dependent on it for our food. This project idea is for mechanical and physics students.

There are basically two types of grinders :

1.Automatic Electric Machine driven grinder
2. Human powered grinder

Purpose: This project is based on human powered grinder. Instead of driving it by hand , we would use cycle pedals to grind wheat or other grains.

Concept:  We will connect cycle wheel with grinder using different gears.By rotating wheels with the help of pedal , our pedal powered grinder starts to rotate. Remaining all the parts works as they do in traditional grinders.

Merits :
1.It will save electricity
2.Easier to maintain
3.Make yourself fit.

Useful Articles:
Will bike for food

Related Video :

Compound gear reduction chain drive


Related PDF :
Portable Pedal Power 

Solar Energy Project Ideas
Physics Projects

Mini bio fuel gas turbine

A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of internal combustion engine. It has an upstream rotating compressor coupled to a downstream turbine, and a combustion chamber in-between.In mini bio gas fuel turbine, we would rotate the turbine using energy of bio fuel gas.

Optical Character Recognition

What is OCR ?

Optical Character Recognition is a process of extracting text from images. You have noticed that whenever you scan text document ,you can't able to edit it with the help of text editor but with the help of OCR you can do it

iphone application projects

Why we need to develop iphone applications ?

Apple has become most valuable US Corporation surpassing Exon Mobil with market cap of $331 billion on Wednesday. This is not the only reason for developing iPhone application.

After a staggering 20.34million sales in quarter 2, Apple's iPhone has been confirmed by the IDC as the worlds' biggest selling smart phone. The smart phone market is expected to grow by 55% in 2011 and with iPhone 5 is soon to be launched,it is going to be apple devices everywhere.

With that many users there is need for more apps, it ranges from education to business, commerce to art, books to newspaper everything you can think of.

How to develop apps for apple devices?

Before going any further, some of you may ask that how can I develop app for this device. To develop iOS applications, you use Xcode, Apple’s first-class integrated development environment (IDE).Moreover, you need to learn about objective-C which is extension of ANSI C.For a start you can refer to the ios developer library. Later you download Iphone development guide course of Stanford University from here.After which, you can purchase Beginning iPhone 4 Development from apress.

Project Ideas :

Abacus : We all know abacus is very useful device and if you can develop virtual abacus for kids it would be great help.

Cross and Round Game


Paint : People love to paint, no matter how many existing programs of painting, there is always room for improvement.

Blogging platform: like wordpress.org : You can develop blogging application, where user can make account and write blogs easily.

Currency converter : It can be used while traveling. People often convert currency to native one.

Scale Converters : Like Meter into kilometer

Business App : Stock Exchanges, Gold Silver Prices, Favorite Stock Details on the Go.

Astrology App

Voice Recognizer Calculator : Calculator which recognizes your voice commands and gives audio answers.

Website Reader for Blind People

Voice to Text Notepad :Where user can note down information using his voice.

There can be lot more ideas, its up to you what you really like. For engineering students of Computer and Information technology ,any of the above project would do be suitable for final semester project report.

Vocabulary Flash Card : Build application related to improve vocabulary of its user ,not only in english but in other languages such as french , spanish or greek.

If you have any idea which you wanna share , please mention it in comment section.

Renewable energy projects

I got many emails from many readers regarding renewable energy project ideas. Even though, I had given lot of projects related to solar ,wind and wave energy in Mechanical engineering projects post , I still receives many queries regarding this.So, I have decided to write more about this topic in detail.

Due to scarcity of natural energy resources on earth engineers need to develop technology beyond them. They are working on it from last many years but by now global warming and oil prices are hot topic. There have been lot of big conferences around related to it. Many big companies took initiative and got some success too. Car Market has flooded with hybrid and electric cars. These cars not only sleek in design but has power which is no short of gasoline or petrol.One of the best example for these cars is Toyota Prius.

In my opinion to win against global warming and oil bills ,Government should adopt three way approach :

1. Start investing in research work related to renewable sources.

2. Improve efficiency of current machines.

3.Make people aware so they start saving energy as they save their money.

To implement two of the above three points , government would need engineers like you, so its better to build projects on renewable resources in your final year.I am giving you links having details about these projects :


Solar Cooker
Solar Powered Mobile Charger
Solar Toy Car 
Solar Powered Refrigerator
Solar Chimney
Beam Circuit Solar Engines
Solar Powered Path Finding vehicle
Solar Powered Generator 
Solar Insect Robot
Air Conditioner 
Wind Mill Power Generation System
Hydropower Projects
Generate Electricity from Dance Floor
Perpetual Motion Machine 
Pedal powered refrigerator
Pedal operated power Generator 
Power generation using wind turbine kites
Air Compressed Cars 
Air Bike 
Build Electric Two Wheeler Bike
Generating Electricity from Waste Water
Solar Powered Water Pump which can be used in drip irrigation.

Other Sites :

Using an Alternator in Renewable Energy Projects : An alternator differs from a dc motor in that it contains no permanent magnets. Instead, there are two concentric wound coils of wire.

Solar Electric System : Good blog has all the details regarding regarding this system.

Montana State University : This site discuss about some of the costliest projects. To work on these projects you will need private or government funds.

Solar Water Heating Installation project : Students of Stanford University has been working around campus area for implementing some useful solar and wind energy projects.

Windmill power generation system

Related Posts :
Solar Energy Projects

Pedal powered refrigerator

The purpose of bicycle powered refrigerator is to allow someone to take a bike trip while keeping their food and drinks cool. This project can also be used in poor neighborhood of Africa or Asia where electricity is still a distant dream.Moreover, this can be made more useful if we can connect this with windmill or flowing water . If its pedals connect with the turbine revolving using wind or hydro energy, than this refrigerator will become an automatic machine just like a fridge at our home. This project idea is for students of mechanical , electrical and physics.

Concept :

When we pump out gases from the water box in the refrigerator by paddling a bicycle , we creates a low pressure area inside the box and because of this low pressure area ,water starts evaporating, and for that evaporation, water needs heat which it takes from the surrounding  area inside the refrigerator.In this way, it cools our refrigerator.

Steam is generated in the process of evaporation which later been absorbed by Zeolite as shown in video . Absorption of steam is a property of zeolite that's why we use it for this experiment.

What are Zeolites ?

Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents.An example mineral formula is: Na2Al2Si3O10·2H2O, the formula for natrolite.The major producers in 2010 were China, South Korea, Japan , Jordan , Turkey ,Slovakia and United States. The ready availability of zeolite-rich rock at low cost and the shortage of competing minerals and rocks are probably the most important factors for its large-scale use. You can purchase it from any mineral supplier in your city. Just google it with your city name.

Related articles :
Hazon webpage

Related PDF :

Human powered refrigerators

car collision avoidance

A collision avoidance system is a system of sensors that is placed within a car to warn its driver of any dangers that may lie ahead on the road.Ford announces new radar based collision avoidance system.This project idea is for Mechanical , Electronics and Physics students.

Hydrogen powered vehicle

Hydrogen Vehicles use energy produced by fuel cells. A fuel cell is an electrochemical cell that converts chemical energy from a fuel into electric energy. Electricity is generated from the reaction between a fuel supply and an oxidizing agent.This project idea is for mechanical and automobile engineering students.

RC Helicopter

In the past I have discussed Project Ideas related to RC Planes and Cars, Yesterday I received a mail asking me about information related to RC Helicopters.These helicopters also known as Radio Controlled Helicopters.They are toys which can be controlled using remote control.Building them help us to understand the concepts of real helicopters and their flying.This project is for Mechanical , Aeronautical and Physics students.

Solar Powered Air Conditoner

Air conditioners are both cause and solution of global warming, due to rise in temperature in recent years, it becomes necessary for each one of us to have air conditioner. It has become very important part of our life in recent years. The only problem is that it consumes great amount of electricity which results is more global warming.

One of the best solution of above problem is air conditioner which do not use electricity generated by pollution generating fuel, instead use something renewable and unconventional. One of the example for that is Solar Powered Air conditioner which takes its power from solar.Solar air conditioning refers to any air conditioning (cooling) system that uses solar power.

This project is part of solar project ideas and can be used by students of Mechanical  or Electronics engineering. Even students of Physics would find it interesting.If this project is implemented with Passive Solar Design , it would be more effective.

Helpful Links :

Solar Air Conditioning 

Related PDF :

Solar Driven Absorption Air Conditioning Systems for the Caribbean
Liquid Dessicated Solar Air-Conditioner

Related Presentation(ppt):

Solar Desiccant Air Conditioning 

How Solar Air Conditioning Works ?

Related Video :

Related Projects :
Solar Project Ideas

Electronic Valve Actuator

An actuator is a mechanical device for moving or controlling a mechanism or system. It is operated by a source of energy, usually in the form of an electric current, hydraulic fluid pressure or pneumatic pressure, and converts that energy into some kind of motion.Actuators are used for the automation of industrial valves and can be found in all kinds of technical process plants: they are used in waste water treatment plants, power plants and even refineries.

Design of single phase induction motor drive

An induction motor or asynchronous motor is a type of alternating current motor where power is supplied to the rotor by means of electromagnetic induction. When I was searching for this project, I found report of Wisconsin University students on Design consideration for single phase induction motor with complete details and analysis.

Sun Tracker Project

Solar energy is the most powerful resource that can be used to generate power. So far the efficiency of generating power of solar energy is relatively low. Thus, how to increase the efficiency of generating power of solar energy is very important.

According to Wiki A solar tracker is a generic term used to describe devices that orient various payloads toward the sun. Payloads can be photovoltaic panels, reflectors, lenses or other optical devices.It is used to minimize the angle of incidence between the incoming light and a photo voltaic panel. This increases the amount of energy produced from a fixed amount of installed power generating capacity.

This project idea is for students of Mechanical and Electronics engineering. Moreover , students of MIT have won prize for the same.Cleveland State University students has done project on sun tracker in 2008.

Related PDF :

Microprocessor based solar tracking system using stepper motor

Related Videos :
University of Berkley Solar Tracker Project

Download code of this project at Google Code

Related :
Solar Projects

Fluid Mechanics Projects

Fluid mechanics is the study of fluids and the forces on them. Fluids are liquids, gases, and plasmas. It influences everything from aircraft and car performance to blood flow and breathing.Most of fluid mechanics projects depend on formula v1p1/t1 = v2p2/t2, which states that pressure and volume are inversely proportional while temperature is inversely proportional to both . Wayne State university has one page dedicated to word files(downloadable) related to fluid mechanics.Most processes that converts energy from one form to another depends heavily on fluid mechanics

On the Website of Technical University of Denmark, they have discussed an assortment of projects connected to it. If some of you are interested in demonstration than you can visit Wolfram website Demonstrations.

Fluid mechanics projects attract sponsors too. This field is very pertinent for Automobile, Aircraft and Space research organizations. Moreover , list of IIT Madras sponsored projects  proves my point.

Home Made Water Fountain

Related Projects :
Hydropower Projects

Wind energy projects

Wind is the flow of gases on a large scale.Wind can play important part in our growing energy needs. many European countries as well as Asian countries such as India , started to invest heavily on windmills.

Cogeneration Project

Cogeneration (also combined heat and power, CHP) is the use of a heat engine or a power station to simultaneously generate both electricity and useful heat. We all know that all power plants emit heat while producing electricity, this heat energy can be used for other purposes. Masnedø CHP power station in Denmark(Image shown below)  uses the same concept.In my opinion it is a great project for Mechanical Engineering students.Its use is not only limited to big power plants, it can be used in other places too, good example of that is: implementation of co-generation plant at Carnegie Mellon University about which you can search on internet.

At the time of global warming ,it is vital to improve efficiency of  our power plants,this can be done easily using this method.University of Gaziantep journal about Performance assessment of co-generation plants proves my point.
Coopers' Brewery uses this system to reduce its carbon footprint to 50 percent and at the same time double there production.

How cogeneration works ?

Even though companies started to implement co-generation in their plants , there is still lot to do in this field,for example there can be other ways to use this heat or how many other places this concept can be implemented.

Useful Resources :

Cogeneration for confectioners
MIT Cogeneration Project

Python Projects

Projects given below use python as there primary language. You can download python from Python official website. It is very popular language; even your favorite search engine google uses this language as its front end.

Recipe Management Systems:

Gourmet Recipe Manager is a recipe-organizer for GNOME that generates shopping lists and allows rapid searching of recipes. It imports mealmaster & mastercook files and exports webpages & other formats. Gourmet uses python, gtk and metakit.

Adimeal RMS : entirely written in python.Actualy is has a text UI and a graphical UI using the GNOME Desktop.

PDF-Shuffler is a small python-gtk application, which helps the user to merge or split pdf documents and rotate, crop and rearrange their pages using an interactive and intuitive graphical interface. It is a frontend for python-pyPdf.

Spells and Stuff is a Python based web roleplaying system, that allows a DM(Dungeon Master) to create potentially unlimited graphical worlds and will allow multiple players to graphically explore them via a standard web browser.

Cartoon Grabber : The aim of this small project is to create a nice, gtk-based comis strip viewer. Written in python, will allow to keep track of your favourite comic strips and manage them (store on your disk, etc.)

Board Games : You can build program which allows user to play games like checker , Scrabble .

Auction Site : Where people can auction on products in a way similar to ebay.

Spelling Checker : Program which check spellings using the user written dictionary.

Student Information System : You can write application where student complete information can be store such as his attendance,  marks , interests etc etc.

Advantage with Python :
It is very easy to learn and can be learned with the help of this online tutorial.

Related :

Final Year Computer Science Projects
Computer Engineering Project ideas
Java Project Ideas
Php Project

Vacuum and Power Brakes

Vacuum brakes are one of the oldest braking system exist. It was first introduced and employed on the trains in the mid-1860s. The most simplest way to explain it is that it uses vacuum power to stop the train. These brakes have been improved significantly over the years.

Vacuum or power brakes are used in all most all the railways and modern day cars. It consists of five major components:

1.Break Pedal

2.Intake Manifold


4.Hinge and


How Vacuum brake works?

This system has two chambers, one is always filled with vacuum(first) and other one has either vacuum or atmospheric air(second). Their is a link between two chambers, so vacuum can transfer from first chamber to second.

When we push the break pedals, it opens up the second chamber seal, which allows atmospheric air to enter into the second chamber. This air exerts lot of pressure on the first chamber filled with vacuum which eventually push the brake fluid and stops the vehicle. I am embedding very important video which will help you understand exactly how it works.

This project is good for the case study purpose.I am giving you some helpful links below  :
How power brakes Works ?

How Vacuum brakes Works from African Railways ?

Brake System used in IR 

Railway Technical 

Heat transfer Projects

Introduction :

Heat transfer is a discipline of thermal engineering that concerns the transfer of thermal energy from one physical system to another.

Pneumatic projects

Pneumatic is a branch of engineering, which deals with the study and application of use of compressed or pressurized air to affect mechanical motion.This technology use energy produced by compressed air engines. Projects on Pneumatic are both productive and informational.

Air powered bike

I get this idea from Planet Mechanics show of National Geographic Channel . I have embedded a clip of that show below. This project uses a similar concept as of air cars because both of them use compressed air as a fuel.

Concept :
In this project we compress gas into a cylinder. Compress air behaves like a spring,. more it get compressed, more force it generates. We can use this force for doing any mechanical work and most of the pneumatic projects use this concept.

How much it cost ?

It would not cost much if you have old bicycle and one cylinder in a scrap. All the other items such as engine (Which can be unrepairable motor pump  ) , pipe , valve are cheap and easily available in market.

How its work ?

Its upon you , how you want to use compressed air energy , but I suggest you to use old piston method which was used in steam engines, only difference is, here we use compressed air to push the piston downwards as shown in Video :

Related Projects :
Automobile Projects

mini homemade wood lathe machine

A lathe is a machine tool which rotates the workpiece on its axis to perform various operations.
The wood lathe helps us to become creative.It can be used for a wide variety of very precise
operations that allow you to turn almost any thing from a table leg, a chair leg, to a railing post, light
post or even a candle sconce. This machine allows you to hand cut the most amazing things out of
plain stock.

Materials Required :

1.Sewing Machine Motor
2.9/32 Socket
6.Screw and Screw Driver
7.Drilling Machine.

How to build it?

Basic Wood Lathe - Cutting Beads and Coves

Compressed Air Cars

According to Blacksmith Institute Toxic pollution poses health risks to over 100 million people. Moreover with the rising fuel prices there is potential demand for alternative fuel vehicles.Keeping that in consideration french motor company MDI started to build air cars.Even though it is a new concept and there is space for large amount of experiments in this field, Companies started production of cars based on this concept as shown by Sun dial list of 2010 air cars.

School Websites

This project is for students of Computer Science, Information Technology and MCA. It will help you to get understanding of real world requirements and implementations.In this post we will take hypothetical example  "iproject ideas school" and discuss how to code it. After understanding basics you can build any website related to schools.

Start with Requirement Analysis :

5 dynamic web pages which can be updated by school staff on regular bases.These 5 pages are home,news, contact us, feed back and login page.

Dig deeper into requirements  :

1. Home page :  Welcome page for visitors : some basic information about school.

2. News page : This page will publish news about new happenings in school.

3.Contact Us : School address and phone numbers

4. Feedback : It will have form to get feedback from users

5 Login Page : This page will be used by teachers to login.
Back End (Databases)

Database Name : iprojectschool
Pages_Detail : Page_id of type int , Page_Name of type varchar(50) and Page_data of type text
Login :  User_id of type int , Username of type varchar(50) and Password is of type varchar(50)

I think above requirements are sufficient to build basic and easy to understand website , if you want you can scale it up.

Coding Part :

We are going to use PHP and Mysql.I am coding in PHP but logic is same for all other languages.

Software Requirements :
You will need : PHPMyadmin , Apache Server  ( Learn how to install php ).

 Before writing any code, it is important to know that, what we are going to do?

We will design admin page to display and update our database tables.(For this example , we will use phpmyadmin)

We will design home page of school.

That's it.some of you argue that what about the other pages? Our home page will handle all that stuff. I will explain you how?

Step 1. First of all, create database using phpmyadmin. If you don't know how? click here to learn.

Step 2. Insert some data for our pages with the help of phpmyadmin.

Step3. Then create directory of iprojectschool in our root folder such as htdocs

Step4. Create new file home using notepad and save it with php extension.  Now open it with notepad and paste database connection strings into it.

Step5. Type the given code into your file.

Step 6. Create login with the help of this site.

Step 7. Create feedback form

Most of the things that has been covered in this tutorial are for education purposes and not for commercial use,still if you need any help. leave comment. Purpose of this post is not to spoon feed you but make you think. You can't complain that there is no css associated with it or I have not discussed security with you, I left them intentionally for you.

I hope it helped.