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Solar powered boats

The boat is an important mode of transportation on water. Nonetheless, We also use it for tourism purposes to explore beautiful places, rivers, and beaches. The project, we are going to discuss today is about 2-stroke engine boats we usually see on popular tourist destinations.2-stroke engines are the most common form of engines used in boats but they are far more polluting than engines used in cars. With toxic fumes they spew, they are destroying our climate gradually. Moreover, this engine emits Sulfur dioxide gas which later reacts with oxygen found in water to produce sulfuric acid. Sulphuric Acid is harmful to the species inside the water as well as for the surroundings.
In this post, we will see, how we can use solar energy in the boat to replace these traditional fuel engines. Converting these engines to electric engine helps our environment and also help us to protect our resources.
Solar powered boats
Before we discuss any further, first we should look for other renewable energy sources we can use:
Wind Power: Though, It is a good option and has been used for a long time back but we have two basic problems with a wind-powered small boat, First it requires a lot of space inside the boat and second it is not very efficient.

Pedal: We can also consider using a pedal boat but with the pedal boat, we can't travel long distances.

Hybrid(Electric + Diesel): This can be a great alternative but requires a great amount of technical knowledge and processors to decide when to shift between electric to diesel and vice-versa.

Electric Boat: They solve many of the above-mentioned problems and that's why we select this option, but it has problems of its own. The first major problem with electric engines is their energy source itself which is electricity. Water is a good conductor and we should find a way to make sure that electricity and water get separate always.

Things to consider:

Make your boat as light as you can: Remove all the unnecessary mass from the boat.

Powering for a whole day of use: To make it an attractive option, we need to power its engine with sufficient electricity for 24 x 7 traveling. To do so, we will require a constant energy source which is solar energy and a great energy storage unit which is our battery. To capture sunlight we require solar cells which themselves have associated problems of weight and size. A medium-size solar cell weights around 7 kg. So, if we use more solar cells, it will increase the mass which corresponds to more electricity consumption. To, somewhat solve this problem we can use the tilting mechanism to capture more electricity from lesser cells..

Waterproof batteries: When we travel on the water, there would be occasions when our batteries get wet, so it absolutely necessary to use waterproof batteries.

Efficient motor: More efficient our motor, lesser the requirement of solar cells and  batteries.

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